COLOMBIA NEWS — The European Union (EU) on Thursday abolished the Schengen visa requirements for Colombians, the waiver allowing Colombians freer entry into the 26 European countries.
The EU countries include: Germany, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Estonia, Finland, France, Sweden, Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and Greece.
Included in the waiver or “visa exemption” are the four European countries not members of the EU: Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.
The process to drop the visa requirements for Colombians began in 2001. It was last year, in August 2013, that the waiver began to become a reality when Spain’s Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy submitted a request to the European Commission.
The Schengen Area is the area comprising 26 European countries that have abolished passport and any other type of border control at their common borders, also referred to as internal borders. It mostly functions as a single country for international travel purposes, with a common visa policy.
The Area is named after the Schengen Agreement signed on 14 June 1985 by five of the then ten EU member states. The Schengen Area was established outside of the then European Community, when consensus could not be reached among all of its member states on the abolition of border controls..
Countries in the Schengen Area have eliminated internal border controls with the other Schengen members, and strengthened external border controls with non-Schengen states. The Schengen area encourages the free movement of goods, information, money and people.
Twenty-two of the twenty-eight European Union (EU) member states participate in the Schengen Area. Of the six EU members that do not form part of the Schengen Area, four – Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus and Romania – are legally obliged and wish to join the area, while the other two – Ireland and the United Kingdom – maintain opt-outs.
All four European Free Trade Association (EFTA) member states – Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland – have signed the Schengen Agreement, even though they are outside the EU. In addition three European microstates – Monaco, San Marino, and the Vatican – can be considered as de facto within the Schengen Area as they do not have border controls with the Schengen countries that surround them; but they have not officially signed documents that make them part of Schengen.
Sources: Levantan visa Schengen a colombianos para viajar a la UE (Caracol Radio); Wikipedia