Roberto Pannunzi, who fled from an Italian prison in 2010, smiled and chatted with officers as he arrived at Rome airport surrounded by Italian police and dressed in a white polo shirt and dark trousers – the same clothes he was detained in, a police video showed.
Referred to by Colombian authorities as the “Pablo Escobar of Italy”, Pannunzi was a member of the Calabrian mafia from southern Italy but had close ties with Colombian and Mexican drug cartels as well as the Sicilian Cosa Nostra.
Investigators said the 65-year-old Pannunzi, known by his associates as “Bebe” (Baby), organized massive shipments of cocaine from South America to Europe but managed to remain relatively anonymous in the criminal underworld.
“Bebe is not a mafioso, not a killer, Bebe is a broker,” said Roberto Saviano, an Italian investigative journalist with extensive knowledge of the Italian mafia who published a book on the global cocaine trade earlier this year.
Pannunzi, who has to serve out a 16 and a half year sentence in Italy and was on Interpol’s most wanted list, was arrested in a joint operation by Colombian police and the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).
A video distributed by Colombian police showed the moment of his arrest at a table in a shopping centre after he nonchalantly took out identity papers that turned out to be in a different name.
“He is the biggest cocaine importer in the world,” said Nicola Gratteri, deputy chief prosecutor in Reggio Calabria — a bastion of Pannunzi’s ‘Ndrangheta crime syndicate.
“He is the only one who can organise purchases and sales of cocaine shipments of 3,000 kilos (6,600 pounds) and up,” Gratteri told reporters.
“He is definitely the most powerful drug broker in the world,” he said, adding that Pannunzi was a businessman who could work even with rival gangsters.
Pannunzi’s capture is being hailed as an important victory in the decades-long struggle to crack down on one of the most lucrative global drug routes.
“His arrest could change the history of drug trafficking in Italy and internationally,” Saviano said.
“He changed the way the business works, he understood the new dynamics of the cocaine market.
Pannunzi fled Italy after having himself transferred from prison to a private clinic complaining of heart trouble and then apparently simply walking out of the hospital – repeating an earlier flight in the same way in 1999.
He was previously detained in Colombia at a mafia funeral in 1994, when he reportedly offered the arresting officers a million dollars in cash to walk away.
Gratteri said that during Friday’s arrest, Pannunzi had told Colombian and US officers that he was ill.
He said he hoped the trafficker would not be granted house arrest in a hospital in Italy again.
“He could attempt a third escape,” he said.
“It’s exhausting having to go around the world to find him every time he escapes.”